Syekh Muhammad Yusuf al-Makassari : Sosok Seorang Ulama, Mursyid Tarekat, Dan Pejuang Nusantara Yang Fenomenal
Syekh Muhammad Yusuf al-Makassari: An Ulama, A Sufi Master, And A Phenomenal Freedom Fighter of Nusantara. This article presented a
study of striven activities of Syekh Muhammad Yusuf al-Makassari in spreading of Islamic teaching among Nusantara citizens, especially in Banten
and South Sulawesi. He was born in South Sulawesi at 1626. And then he left his homeland for searching of Islamic knowledges to Banten, Aceh, Gujarat. Yemen, Mekkah-Madinah, and Damascus for about twenty years. After obtaining some knowledges, he returnen back to his country and then stayed in Banten for transferring Islamic teaching and Sufism to citizens there. Furthermore, he was appointed as Mufti of Banten Sultanate at the power of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa. When Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa banttled for freedom against VOC Government, Syekh al-Makassari standed side by side with him right away to maintain the independence of Banten from VOC Government, until he was been caught and arrested to Batavia. After a few months in Batavia’s prison, VOC Government banished him to Ceylon and then exiled him to Cape Town, South Africa. Syekh al-Makassari passed away in South Africa at 1699.